驻极体静电能量采集器的结构优化
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作者单位:

1.同济大学 航空航天与力学学院,上海 200092;2.同济大学 物理科学与工程学院,上海 200092

作者简介:

贺鹏飞(1962—),男,教授,博士生导师,工学博士,主要研究方向为复合材料力学、计算力学。E-mail: ph232@tongji.edu.cn

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金(61761136004)


Structure Optimization of Electret-based Electrostatic Energy Harvester
Author:
Affiliation:

1.School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;2.School of Physics Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China

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    摘要:

    设计了基于高弹驻极体膜的可变电容静电能量采集器,通过有限元仿真模型研究了器件结构参数对输出功率的影响。制备并表征了优化结构的器件,实验和数值计算结果吻合。通过调节驻极体膜的预拉伸状态和振子的质量能够改变结构刚度和谐振频率,进而影响能量采集器的输出功率。结果表明:由大小和面电荷密度分别为30 mm × 10 mm和0.6 mC·m-2的高弹氟化乙丙烯(FEP)驻极体膜、深度为4.0 mm的V型感应电极,以及质量为0.06 g振子构成的能量采集器,在1g(g为重力加速度)正弦加速度激励和20 Hz谐振频率下的输出功率高达870 μW。

    Abstract:

    A variable capacitor based electrostatic energy harvester including a high elastic electret film was designed. The effects of structure parameters on the output power of the capacitor were studied by finite element method (FEM) and the structure of the capacitor was optimized. The experimental data are in agreement with the FEM calculations. The resonance frequency and output power can be adjusted by pre-stretching electret film and varying seismic mass. For an energy harvester, consisting of a fluorinated polyethylene propylene (FEP) electret film with an active area of 3 cm2 and a surface charge density of 0.6 mC·m-2, a V-shaped counter electrode with a depth of 4.0 mm, and a seismic mass of 0.06 g, an output power of 870 μW was achieved at its resonance frequency of 20 Hz and sinusoidal acceleration excitation of 1g.

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贺鹏飞,杨晓雅,马星晨,张晓青,戴瑛.驻极体静电能量采集器的结构优化[J].同济大学学报(自然科学版),2020,48(9):1371~1376

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  • 收稿日期:2020-04-27
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-09-27