多主体参与的区域科技成果转化影响因素
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作者单位:

同济大学 经济与管理学院 ,上海 200092

作者简介:

刘永千(1976-),男, 硕士生,主要研究方向为科技发展与管理。liuyq@fgw.sh.gov.cn

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Impact Factors for Multi-agent-based Technology Regional Transfer
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School of Economics & Management, Tongji University ,Shanghai200092, China

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    摘要:

    科技成果转化是一个多主体参与、多目标并存的复杂过程。为全面掌握影响科技成果转化活动的核心因素,通过对上海204家企业、中介、高校院所、政府机构的问卷调查与数据分析,构建了相应的结构方程模型。研究结果显示:上海科技成果转化面临供需两端问题,面向高校与科研院所的政策变量虽有利于科技成果转化,但管理模式与手段尚未同步跟进;同时,企业需求端的吸收能力有待提升,下一步公共政策供给应聚焦企业创新能力提升。

    Abstract:

    University technology transfer is a complex process with four participants (enterprises,intermediary organizations, universities, and the government) and multi-targets. However, previous research normally focused on signal participant or signal stage, rather than from system perspective. In order to narrow this gap, this study attempts to investigate the process of university technology transfer comprehensively to find the most significant impact factors.The questionnaire was designed and set to 204 responses coming from universities, research institutes, enterprises, intermediary organizations, and different government departments in Shanghai. The factor analysis method and structural equation model was adopted. Study results show that both technology supplying and demanding need improving. In order to promote university technology transfer, the reasonable management mode should be employed according to latest incentive policies. In addition, from the public policy perspective, the government should put more emphasis on enterprises’ technological absorptive capacity.

    表 6 模型参数估计值Table 6
    表 2 受访企业基本情况Table 2
    表 1 上海高校和科研院所受访机构的科技成果转化成绩Table 1
    表 7 最需要改进的情况分析Table 7
    表 5 旋转后的因子载荷表Table 5
    图1 科技成果转化四主体模型Fig.1 Model of university technology transfer including four stakeholders
    图2 科技成果转化参与方的结构方程模型Fig.2 Structural equation mode of university technology transfer
    表 4 上海地区科技成果转化系统的问卷发放统计Table 4
    表 3 受访中介机构情况介绍Table 3
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刘永千.多主体参与的区域科技成果转化影响因素[J].同济大学学报(自然科学版),2020,48(12):1828~1835

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  • 收稿日期:2020-04-18
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-12-31